In part 6 of the series on fire risk assessment, we will be discussing general fire precautions that must be taken on a construction worksite and the steps of recording, planning, informing, instructing and training.
General Fire Precautions
In the case of a fire outbreak, people present on the construction site must be able to escape from it. General fire precautions are the measures that are put in place which allow people to evacuate to safety. In general, these precautions can vary from one site to another. However, these precautions must take into consideration the size of the worksite, the number of people present on the site and the nature of work.
The following things must be considered:
- Firefighting equipment
- Fire exits and escape routes
- Fire detection equipment
- Raising the alarm in case of an emergency
- Making emergency plans
- Limiting the spread of fire
Step 4: Recording, Planning, Informing, Instructing and Training
In smaller sites, the process of reviewing, planning, informing, instructing and training may be quite simple. However, as the sites become larger, it becomes necessary to put in place a formal structure and written policy.
Recording the Findings and Action Taken
If your company employs more than five people, the important findings of the fire risk assessment and the actions taken must be recorded. The important findings must include the details of:
- The fire hazards identified
- Preventive measures taken or to be taken to remove or reduce the likelihood of the occurrence of a fire
- People on the premises or on adjacent premises who may be at risk
- Actions taken or will be taken to reduce the risk from spread of fire and smoke
- General precautions such as fire exits, firefighting equipment and raising an alarm
- Actions to be taken by people in case of a fire outbreak and people nominated to carry out the emergency plan
- Identifying information and training needs
Informing, Instructing and Training
Clear and appropriate information and proper instruction must be given to people on the construction site, such as workers, visitors, subcontractors, etc. about how fires can be prevented and what action should be taken in case of a fire outbreak. The information should be based on the emergency plan and must include the following:
- Important findings from the fire risk assessment
- Measures that have been put in place in order to reduce the risk
- What the workers should do in case of a fire
- People nominated and responsible for fire safety on the site
- Any other special arrangements
In this way, the findings of the fire risk assessment can help you develop an emergency plan, the information and training that you will need to provide and make the necessary arrangements for maintaining and testing the fire precautions.
As part of the measures for prevention and protection against any fire outbreak, installing a Cygnus fire alarm system can be very helpful in keeping your construction site as well as the people on it safe. Cygnus products are indeed redefining the way businesses ensure the safety of their workplace.
In the seventh and final part of this series, we will look at emergency plans and also the process of reviewing your assessment.